Reasons for a Neuropsychological Evaluation

A Neuropsychological Evaluation is an assessment of an individual's functioning in multiple areas in order to explain difficulties in learning or behavior, analyzed from a brain/behavior perspective.

  • To understand why a child is struggling in school, experiencing social/emotional difficulties, and/or behaving inappropriately
  • To clarify diagnoses
  • To determine a child’s strengths and weaknesses and style of learning
  • To determine appropriate classroom accommodations and modifications, learning strategies, remedial and therapeutic services, and classroom/school placement
  • To document changes since a previous evaluation
  • To determine effects of a disease or injury on functioning
  • To monitor progress resulting from interventions

Components of an Evaluation

  1. A review of background information
    • Medical and developmental history
    • Previous and current school functioning
    • Results of previous evaluations
    • Treatment history and outcome
  2. Comprehensive testing
    • General cognitive/intellectual abilities
    • Higher level thinking skills (e.g. abstract reasoning, problem solving, critical thinking)
    • Receptive and expressive language
    • Motor speed and coordination
    • Visual-perception and visuo-constructive skills
    • Learning and Memory
    • Attention and Executive Function skills (including use of learning, problem solving, and organizational strategies; working memory; planning; prioritizing; cognitive inhibition; mental flexibility; self-monitoring)
    • Academic achievement
    • Adaptive behavior (e.g. daily living skills)
    • Emotional functioning
  3. Analysis of results
    • Looking for patterns of strengths and weaknesses
    • Investigating the reasons for failed items/weak areas
    • Integrating test results with background and current functioning
  4. Feedback meeting
    • Significance and integration of all findings
    • Diagnostic Considerations
    • Treatment options both in and outside of school
  5. Written report
    • Background
    • Questionaire and interview findings
    • Test results
    • Summary of strengths and weaknesses
    • Learning profille
    • Diagnostic Conclusions
    • Treatment recommendations